All you need to know about ADHD
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a severe mental health condition that includes a combination of persistent problems, like hyperactivity, difficulty paying attention, and impulsive behavior. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a chronic condition that can not be cured, though treatment can help. This disorder often starts in childhood. It can last for several years or even lifelong.
It is a severe medical condition that affects the life of patients who have ADHD and may lead to trouble focusing on work and even destroy relationships. ADHD affects people by reducing their brain dopamine levels. ADHD is a prevalent mental disorder that affects many children and adults.
How to know if you have ADHD?
There are some common symptoms of ADHD through which you can determine if you have ADHD so that you can consult a mental health expert and take the necessary actions. Symptoms of ADHD observed in children may include an overactive mind, constant physical movement, inability to sit still, excessive fidgeting, impatience, acting without thinking, making careless mistakes, interrupting conversations, and difficulty paying attention.
Symptoms of ADHD in adults may include:
- Inability to perform tedious tasks
- Being forgetful about things necessary for jobs in daily life like keys, books, wallets, etc.
- Not paying close attention to details
- Not remembering daily tasks, like running errands and doing chores
- Intruding on others
However, symptoms of this disorder in adults are hard to define. Since ADHD is a developmental disorder, it can occur in adults only if it begins in childhood. The symptoms go unnoticed in some cases but are more evident for some people.
What is ADHD in adults?
In adults, the main features of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder may include restlessness, poor time management skills, impulsiveness, trouble multitasking, poor planning, frequent mood swings, hot temper, and low frustration tolerance, among many others. Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder can lead to low self-esteem, poor school or work performance, unstable relationships, and other problems.
Some people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD may have fewer symptoms as they age. However, some adults continue to experience major symptoms that interfere with their daily functioning compare medicine tablets .
Common triggers of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults include poor sleep, stress, overstimulation, particular food and additives, and technology. Once a person recognizes what triggers their attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms, they can make the necessary lifestyle changes to manage episodes better. Standard treatments for ADHD in adults generally involve education, medication, psychological counseling, and skills training.
A combination of these is often considered the most effective treatment. These treatments may help manage many attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in adults, but they do not cure them. It may take some time to evaluate what works best for a particular individual.
Who can diagnose ADHD?
Health care professionals such as child psychologists, psychiatrists, and pediatricians can diagnose ADHD with the help of guidelines from the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or the American Academy of Pediatrics. There isn’t a single test used to diagnose attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Medical experts diagnose ADHD when a person has shown all or some of the symptoms on a regular basis for more than six months and in more than a single setting.
The diagnosis in children involves gathering data from various sources, like parents, caregivers, and schools. The health care professional will note how a child’s behavior compares with other children the same age, and they can use standardized rating scales to document these behaviors.
How to get tested for ADHD?
- To diagnose ADHD, the child must have a complete physical exam, including hearing and vision tests.
- The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has also approved the use of NEBA or a neuropsychiatric EEG-based assessment aid system.
- NEBA is a non-invasive scan that measures beta and theta brain waves.
- The theta / beta ratio is known to be higher in adolescents and children with ADHD than in children without it.
- This scan is approved for use in children aged six to seventeen years, and it is meant to be used as a part of the complete psychological and medical exam.
- The evaluation may include interviewing the parents, teachers, and any other adults who are a significant part of the child’s life.
- The evaluator may ask to fill out standardized forms, called behavior rating scales, to rate various aspects of the child’s behavior.
The health care professional must take a complete medical history to check for other health conditions that show symptoms like ADHD.
- Diagnosis of ADHD in adults is far more difficult than in children.
- In some cases, an adult can be diagnosed with ADHD if they have more than five symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsiveness and more than five symptoms of inattentiveness.
- As part of the assessment, the specialist will tell you about present symptoms.
- However, under current diagnostic guidelines, diagnosis of ADHD in adults can only be confirmed if the symptoms have been present from childhood.
For the diagnosis of ADHD in adults, their symptoms should have a moderate effect on different areas of their life, for example:
- Driving dangerously
- Underachieving in education or at work
- Difficulty in relationship with the partner
- Difficulty keeping or making friends